Erasmus Journal for Philosophy and Economics <p>The Erasmus Journal for Philosophy and Economics (EJPE) is a peer-reviewed bi-annual academic journal located at <a href="">Erasmus University Rotterdam</a>. EJPE publishes research on the methodology, history, ethics, and interdisciplinary relations of economics.</p> Stichting Erasmus Journal for Philosophy and Economics en-US Erasmus Journal for Philosophy and Economics 1876-9098 Group Membership or Identity? <p>As part of an article symposium on Partha Dasgupta and Sanjeev Goyal’s “Narrow Identities” (2019,&nbsp;<em data-stringify-type="italic">Journal of Institutional and Theoretical Economics</em>), Miriam Teschl reflects on the distinctive concept of identity liberal cosmopolitans have and how it may or may not be captured in economic models of identity choice.</p> Miriam Teschl Copyright (c) 2021 Miriam Teschl 2021-10-05 2021-10-05 14 2 –aa –aa 10.23941/ejpe.v14i2.620 The Paths to Narrow Identities <p>As part of an article symposium on Partha Dasgupta and Sanjeev Goyal’s “Narrow Identities” (2019, <em data-stringify-type="italic">Journal of Institutional and Theoretical Economics</em>), Jean-Paul Carvalho reflects on the concept of narrow identity and the ways of modelling its emergence.</p> Jean-Paul Carvalho Copyright (c) 2021 Jean-Paul Carvalho 2021-08-30 2021-08-30 14 2 –aa –aa 10.23941/ejpe.v14i2.615 Deepening and Widening Social Identity Analysis in Economics <p>As part of an article symposium on Partha Dasgupta and Sanjeev Goyal’s “Narrow Identities” (2019,&nbsp;<em data-stringify-type="italic">Journal of Institutional and Theoretical Economics</em>), John B. Davis reflects on the variety of social identities and the implications this variety has for social identity analysis.</p> John B. Davis Copyright (c) 2021 John B. Davis 2021-10-05 2021-10-05 14 2 –aa –aa 10.23941/ejpe.v14i2.619 Can One Both Contribute to and Benefit from Herd Immunity? <p>In a recent article, “Vaccine Refusal Is Not Free Riding”, Ethan Bradley and Mark Navin (2021) argue that vaccine refusal is not akin to free riding. Here, I defend one connection between vaccine refusal and free riding and suggest that, when viewed in conjunction with their other arguments, this might constitute a reason to mandate Covid-19 vaccination.</p> Lucie White Copyright (c) 2021 Lucie White 2021-09-02 2021-09-02 14 2 –aa –aa 10.23941/ejpe.v14i2.603 Social Contract, Extended Goodness, and Moral Disagreement <p>This article discusses the role played by interpersonal comparisons (of utility or goodness) in matters of justice and equity. The role of such interpersonal comparisons has initially been made explicit in the context of social choice theory through the concept of extended preferences. Social choice theorists have generally claimed that extended preferences should be taken as being uniform across a population. Three related claims are made within this perspective. First, though it is sometimes opposed to social choice theory, the social contract approach may also consider the possibility of interpersonal comparisons. This is due to the fact that justice principles may be partially justified on a teleological basis. Second, searching for the uniformity of interpersonal comparisons is both hopeless and useless. In particular, moral disagreement does not originate in the absence of such uniformity. Third, interpersonal comparisons should be accounted for both in social choice and social contract theories in terms of sympathetic identification based on reciprocal respect and tolerance, where each person’s conception of the good partially takes care of others’ good. From the moral point of view, any person’s conception of the good should thus be ‘extended’ to others’ personal conceptions. This extension is, however, limited due to the inherent limitations in sympathetic identification and is a long way from guaranteeing the uniformity assumed by social choice theorists.</p> Cyril Hédoin Copyright (c) 2021 Cyril Hédoin 2021-10-30 2021-10-30 14 2 –aa –aa 10.23941/ejpe.v14i2.495 Integrated Moral Agency and the Practical Phenomenon of Moral Diversity <p>The practical phenomenon of moral diversity is a central feature of many contemporary societies and poses a distinct problem to moral theory building. Because of its goal to settle the moral question fully and exclusively and/or to provide better understanding of moral disagreement, traditional first-order moral theory often does not provide sufficient guidance to address this phenomenon and moral agency in deeply morally diverse societies. In this article, I move beyond traditional first-order moral theorizing and, based on multilevel social contract theory (Moehler 2018, 2020a), develop a practically sound notion of moral agency for morally diverse societies. The interrelational and dynamic notion of <em>integrated moral agency</em> developed in this article demands that agents actively exercise their rational and affective capacities, are receptive to the capacities of others, and are aware of the type of moral interaction in which they engage with others. The notion of integrated moral agency helps agents to reconcile conflicting first-order moral directives and to maximally protect agents’ autonomy in morally diverse societies.</p> Michael Moehler Copyright (c) 2021 Michael Moehler 2021-09-07 2021-09-07 14 2 –aa –aa 10.23941/ejpe.v14i2.523 Choosing Less over More Money <p>Why choose less money over more when no one is watching? A central tenet of economics is that this behaviour can be explained by intrinsic motivation. But what does intrinsic motivation entail? What encourages it? This paper answers these questions through a Smithian lens: moral motivation includes not only a naturally strong love of praise and dread of blame but also a natural, and stronger, love of being worthy of praise and dread of being worthy of blame, even if neither is necessarily given. I rely on quantitative and qualitative data from economic experiments to illustrate this claim. While the current scholarship on Smith has applied his theory to situations in which our actions either evoke reactions from others or have monetary consequences for them, I extend his insights to receiver games (Tjøtta 2019) and dice-rolling games (Fischbacher and Föllmi-Heusi 2013) aimed at eliciting self-regarding concerns, that is, actions affecting the interests of only ourselves. I argue that these games accentuate the strength of the love of praiseworthiness in guiding behaviour, emphasising its immediate reference to others and foundation in intentions along with outcomes.</p> Nina Serdarevic Copyright (c) 2021 Nina Serdarevic 2021-11-28 2021-11-28 14 2 –aa –aa 10.23941/ejpe.v14i2.584 Review of Michel S. Zouboulakis’ The Varieties of Economic Rationality: From Adam Smith to Contemporary Behavioural and Evolutionary Economics. New York, NY: Routledge, 2014, 192 pp. Yam Maayan Copyright (c) 2021 Yam Maayan 2021-10-15 2021-10-15 14 2 –aa –aa 10.23941/ejpe.v14i2.624 A Tale Between Finance and Economics Thomas Delcey Copyright (c) 2021 Thomas Delcey 2021-10-30 2021-10-30 14 2 –aa –aa 10.23941/ejpe.v14i2.625