Erasmus Journal for Philosophy and Economics <p>The Erasmus Journal for Philosophy and Economics (EJPE) is a peer-reviewed bi-annual academic journal located at <a href="">Erasmus University Rotterdam</a>. EJPE publishes research on the methodology, history, ethics, and interdisciplinary relations of economics.</p> en-US (Måns Abrahamson) (Erica Yu) Fri, 05 Aug 2022 00:00:00 +0200 OJS 60 The Philosophy and Economics of Measuring Discrimination and Inequality <p>This is an interview by the <em>Erasmus Journal for Philosophy and Economics</em> with Kasper Lippert-Rasmussen, Xavier Ramos, and Dirk Van de gaer, conducted as part of a roundtable on the philosophy and economics of discrimination and inequality. The interview covers the concepts of discrimination and inequality; the current state of the literature on measuring discrimination and inequality; the relevance of measuring discrimination and inequality for policymaking; and the future of measuring discrimination and inequality.</p> Kasper Lippert-Rasmussen, Xavier Ramos, Dirk Van de gaer Copyright (c) 2022 Kasper Lippert-Rasmussen, Xavier Ramos, Dirk Van de gaer Tue, 19 Jul 2022 00:00:00 +0200 Thresholds and Limits in Theories of Distributive Justice Dick Timmer Copyright (c) 2022 Dick Timmer Tue, 05 Apr 2022 00:00:00 +0200 Desert, Luck, and Justice Huub Brouwer Copyright (c) 2022 Huub Brouwer Sun, 29 May 2022 00:00:00 +0200 Choice Architecture Luca Congiu Copyright (c) 2022 Luca Congiu Sun, 29 May 2022 00:00:00 +0200 Unfair Inequality Paul Hufe Copyright (c) 2022 Paul Hufe Wed, 06 Jul 2022 00:00:00 +0200 Issues on the Measurement of Opportunity Inequality Hugo del Valle-Inclán Cruces Copyright (c) 2022 Hugo del Valle-Inclán Cruces Sun, 29 May 2022 00:00:00 +0200 Three Economic Extensions of John Rawls’s Social Contract Theory Klaudijo Klaser Copyright (c) 2022 Klaudijo Klaser Sun, 10 Jul 2022 00:00:00 +0200 Amartya Sen’s Earlier Conception of Economic Agents through the Origins and Development of his Capability Approach (1970–1993) Valentina Erasmo Copyright (c) 2022 Valentina Erasmo Sat, 16 Jul 2022 00:00:00 +0200 Measuring Freedom <p>Suppose a principle of distributive justice states that social institutions should maximize the freedom of the least well-off. Understanding how to do so would be easier if freedom only depended on one good, like income. If it depends instead on a composite index of social primary goods, a question arises: Which combination of social primary goods can maximize the freedom of the least well-off? This is John Rawls’ indexing problem. Solving it requires addressing two related problems. The first consists in evaluating, <em>in theory</em>, under which conditions it is acceptable to substitute goods, that is, their substitution rates. The second consists in evaluating which acceptable substitutions are feasible <em>in practice</em>. This article proposes a framework to think clearly about this indexing problem within a Rawlsian, resourcist conception of distributive justice. I conclude by discussing a path towards solving the indexing problem. While further empirical exploration is needed, plausible assumptions about social regimes suggest that maximizing the freedom of the least well-off is likely to require giving them access to a social position with a balanced combination of social primary goods.</p> Thomas Ferretti Copyright (c) 2022 Thomas Ferretti Fri, 05 Aug 2022 00:00:00 +0200 The Case of Stated Preferences and Social Well-Being Indices <p>This paper provides a real-world test case for how to approach contemporary preference aggregation procedures. We examine the method of using stated preferences (SP) to structure social well-being indices. The method has seen increasing popularity and interest, both in economists’ laboratory research and by governments and international institutions. SP offers a sophisticated aggregation of peoples’ preferences regarding social well-being aspects and, in this way, provides elegant and non-paternalistic techniques for deciding how to weigh and prioritize various potential aspects of social well-being (health, happiness, economic growth, etc.). However, this method also poses difficulties and limitations from broader political and philosophical perspectives. This paper comprehensively charts these difficulties and suggests that SP methods should be complemented with appropriate deliberation procedures. The paper bridges the distinct perspectives of economists and political theorists in order to make SP an attractive instrument in determining policy.</p> Shiri Cohen Kaminitz, Iddan Sonsino Copyright (c) 2022 Shiri Cohen Kaminitz, Iddan Sonsono Thu, 07 Jul 2022 00:00:00 +0200 “The Hardest of All the Problems” <p>This paper provides a history of the development of Harold Hochman and James Rodgers’ (1969) theory of Pareto optimal redistribution, which modeled income transfers as a public good. Pareto optimal redistribution provided an economic efficiency case for redistribution policy. After reviewing the emergence of Pareto optimal redistribution at the University of Virginia and its elaboration at the Urban Institute in the early 1970s, the paper describes James M. Buchanan’s efforts to grapple with his colleague’s ideas in the context of public choice theory. Initially, Buchanan provided an even more expansive argument for redistribution than Hochman and Rodgers (1969). By the mid-1970s, though, Buchanan largely rejected his earlier approach to redistribution and theorized new criteria for redistribution that were narrower in scope.</p> Daniel Kuehn Copyright (c) 2022 Daniel Kuehn Fri, 15 Jul 2022 00:00:00 +0200 Why ‘Indirect Discrimination’ Is a Useful Legal but Not a Useful Moral Concept <p>A policy (practice, act, etc.) indirectly discriminates against a group, G, if, and only if: (1) it does not reflect an objectionable mental state regarding the members of G; (2) it disadvantages members of G; (3) the disadvantages are disproportionate; and (4) G is a socially salient group. I argue that indirect discrimination is not non-instrumentally morally wrong. Clearly, <em>if</em> it were, that would be because it harms members of G disproportionately, i.e., in virtue of features (2) and (3). Harming members of a group disproportionately does appear non-instrumentally wrong. But it is not easy to provide a plausible explanation for the kind of harm and disproportionality involved here that vindicates this initial appearance. This does not mean the concept of indirect discrimination should be jettisoned. It was originally a legal concept, and in closing I briefly suggest that in law it plays a valuable role, even if it is not a genuine moral category. Legal prohibition is an unreliable guide to what is morally wrong, but it is not supposed to be that anyway.</p> Kasper Lippert-Rasmussen Copyright (c) 2022 Kasper Lippert-Rasmussen Tue, 19 Jul 2022 00:00:00 +0200 Review of Joshua L. Cherniss’s Liberalism in Dark Times: The Liberal Ethos in the Twentieth Century. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 2021, 305 pp. Jon Murphy Copyright (c) 2022 Jon Murphy Fri, 08 Jul 2022 00:00:00 +0200 Review of Randall G. Holcombe’s Coordination, Cooperation, and Control: The Evolution of Economic and Political Power. Cham: Palgrave Macmillan, 2020, xii + 328 pp. Vaios Koliofotis Copyright (c) 2022 Vaios Koliofotis Mon, 18 Jul 2022 00:00:00 +0200 Review of Avia Pasternak’s Responsible Citizens, Irresponsible States: Should Citizens Pay for Their States’ Wrongdoings? New York, NY: Oxford University Press, 2021, 248 pp. Solmu Anttila Copyright (c) 2022 Solmu Anttila Sun, 17 Jul 2022 00:00:00 +0200 Review of Keith Tribe’s Constructing Economic Science: The Invention of a Discipline 1850–1950. New York, NY: Oxford University Press, 2022, xiv + 425 pp. Erwin Dekker Copyright (c) 2022 Erwin Dekker Fri, 15 Jul 2022 00:00:00 +0200